A literature review ("lit review" for short) is a compilation of the relevant scholarly materials (i.e., not "popular" materials such as news articles) on your subject, which you then read, synthesize, and cite to as needed within your assignment, paper, thesis, or dissertation. See the chart below for the types of sources that are typically included in a lit review. *For a systematic literature review, often used in health-related fields such as psychology, see additional tips on the Systematic Literature Review tab.
|Include in literature review||Exclude from literature review|
This guide provides step-by-step instructions detailing one strategy for completing a literature review. Librarians can also help you with the lit review process. Contact your subject librarian to make a research appointment.
*If any suggestions on this guide conflict with specific assignment instructions, follow your instructor's (or adviser's) instructions.
Below are some examples of lit reviews from journal articles.