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Illinois Tech Library Guides

IPRO 497-319 Designed for Silence

A course guide for IPRO 497-319: Designed for Silence – Developing Concepts that Balance Tech and Life

APA Resources

Citing An Interview

APA Style

Interviews, Email, and Other Personal Communication

General Format 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)
 
      References:
      Not included (No personal communication is included in your reference list. Cite them IN TEXT ONLY)

Example
(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001).
A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2002).


MLA Style

Personal interviews refer to those interviews that you conduct yourself. 

General Format

Interviewee Last Name, First Name. Personal Interview, Day Month Year.

Example

Smith, Jane. Personal interview. 19 May 2014.

Database Cite Function

Most databases have a Cite function. You can easily cite your article into different citation formats: APA, MLA, Chicago style...

1. Click on Cite to view citation formats.   2. Choose the citation format you need. 

 

NOTE: The database's citation formats are not always currently updated. Always consult the most current citation guide for the exact formatting and punctuation guidelines. Make any necessary corrections before using. 

Need help?

Contact theIIT Writing Center at https://humansciences.iit.edu/humanities/writing-center

Citation Management Tools