|Traditional Boolean Operator||Google Equivalent|
Google uses an "implicit AND," meaning that all words that you place in a single search are searched as if there was an AND between them.
Use this if you're looking for a few different keywords for the same concept. It must be capitalized to work.
- (minus sign)
Put the minus sign directly in front of the word you want excluded from your search. For example: garden -beer would exclude results about beer gardens.
Also make use of parentheses if there is an "order of operations" to your search.
|" " (quotes)||Searches for an exact phrase.||"cognitive behavioral therapy" would retrieve only results with those three words present, in the order listed.|
|filetype:||Placing this operator before the type of file you would like to retrieve.||
A search for calendar filetype:xls retrieves calendar templates that you can download as Excel spreadsheets.
|related:||Put this operator directly before a web address that you already like and use. The results will retrieve similar sites for you to explore.||
Searching for related:facebook.com retrieves other social media sites.
HINT: try this with a favorite blog or recipe site to find more similar websites!
|site:||This allows you to search for a word or phrase on a specific site.||Searching for "academic calendar" site:iit.edu helps you to find IIT's academic calendar quickly.|
EXERCISE: Find PDF documents about a topic of your choice, but only from .edu websites.